Background and Aim: Ustekinumab is a human monoclonal antibody to the p40 subunit of human IL-12/IL-23. The purpose of this report is to verify the newly developed immunoassays for serum ustekinumab and anti-ustekinumab antibody (AUA) concentrations and assess their clinical utility. Methods: Serum ustekinumab trough levels and AUA levels were measured using new immunoassays in 38 patients with Crohn's disease under ustekinumab maintenance injection. Results: Mean ustekinumab trough levels were 2.54 ± 2.1 μg/mL, and 3 of 38 patients (7.9%) were positive for AUAs. There was no association between ustekinumab trough levels and AUA levels. The optimal trough level of ustekinumab to maintain negative C-reactive protein levels (≤ 0.3 mg/dL) was 1.67 μg/mL determined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Ustekinumab trough level negatively but significantly correlated with C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and Crohn's disease activity index and positively and significantly correlated with serum albumin levels. Ustekinumab trough levels were significantly higher in biologics-naïve patients than in biologics-experienced patients, although there was no difference in AUA levels. Conclusions: We developed new assays for serum ustekinumab trough and AUA levels. These assays might provide new insights into therapeutic drug monitoring-based management of Crohn's disease patients under ustekinumab therapy.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Publication status||Published - 01-07-2020|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes