Introduction: The high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB-1)/advanced glycation end products (RAGE) system is recently shown to play an important part in immune/inflammatory disorders. However, the association of this system in systemic sclerosis (SSc) remains unknown. Materials and Methods: To determine clinical association of serum levels of HMGB-1 and soluble RAGE (sRAGE) in patients with SSc, sera from 70 patients with SSc and 25 healthy controls were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Sera from tight-skin mice and bleomycin-induced scleroderma mice, animal models for SSc, were also examined. Skin HMGB-1 and RAGE expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results and Discussion: Serum HMGB-1 and sRAGE levels in SSc were higher than those in controls. Similarly, HMGB-1 and sRAGE levels in animal SSc models were higher than those in control mice. SSc patients with elevated HMGB-1 and sRAGE levels had more frequent involvement of several organs and immunological abnormalities compared to those with normal levels. Furthermore, HMGB-1 and sRAGE levels correlated positively with modified Rodnan total skin thickness score and negatively with pulmonary function test. Conclusions: HMGB-1 and sRAGE expression in the sclerotic skin was more intense than normal skin. These results suggest that elevated serum HMGB-1 and sRAGE levels are associated with the disease severity and immunological abnormalities in SSc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy