Clinical utility of SARS-CoV-2 whole genome sequencing in deciphering source of infection

Toshiki Takenouchi, Yuka W. Iwasaki, Sei Harada, Hirotsugu Ishizu, Yoshifumi Uwamino, Shunsuke Uno, Asami Osada, Naoki Hasegawa, Mitsuru Murata, Toru Takebayashi, Koichi Fukunaga, Hideyuki Saya, Yuko Kitagawa, Masayuki Amagai, Haruhiko Siomi, Kenjiro Kosaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 is a major threat to humans. Recently, we encountered two seemingly separate COVID-19 clusters in a tertiary care medical center. Whole viral genome sequencing detected the haplotype of the SARS-CoV-2 genome and the two clusters were successfully distinguished by the viral genome haplotype. Concurrently, there were nine COVID-19 patients clinically unlinked to clusters #1 or #2 that necessitated the determination of the source of infection. Such patients had similar haplotypes to those in cluster #2 but were devoid of two rare mutations characteristic to cluster #2. This suggested that these nine cases of “probable community infection” indeed had community infection and were not derived from cluster #2. Whole viral genome sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 is a powerful measure not only for monitoring the global trend of SARS-CoV-2 but also for identifying the source of infection of COVID-19 at a level of institution.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26-05-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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