Colonic Lymphoid Follicle Hyperplasia after Gastrectomy in Rats

Tomoko Kagiya, Kazuya Shiogama, Ken Ichi Inada, Hirotoshi Utsunomiya, Masayuki Kitano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (NLH) of the human colon has been associated with multiple diseases and symptoms. Causes include food allergies, infections, inflammatory bowel dis-ease, and immunodeficiency, and gastrectomy is not usually considered to be the etiology. Nine rats two weeks after total gastrectomy and 12 control rats were sacrificed and submitted for histological examination. In the gastrectomy group, we found lymphoid hyperplasia throughout the entire colon mucosa. The cross-sectional area of lymphoid follicles was increased to be five-fold larger than that in the rats in the control group (sham surgery). Lymphoid follicles were classified into primary and secondary follicles according to the presence/absence of germinal centers; the gastrectomy group had a significantly larger number of secondary follicles. When T cell and B cell classification of lymphocytes was performed, there was no difference between gastrectomy and control groups at T:B = 40:60. When the lymphoid follicles were classified, the proportion of T lymphocytes increased in the secondary follicle (T:B = 40:60) compared with in the primary follicle (T:B = 20:80). Gastrectomy significantly activated lymphocytic intestinal immunity by altering the intestinal environment, causing colonic NLH. Gastrectomy in rats is a good animal model for the study of NLH in colorectal diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-73
Number of pages7
JournalActa Histochemica et Cytochemica
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

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