α-galactosylceramide (GalCer), which is a natural killer T (NKT) cell ligand, has been reported to exert therapeutic effects against cancer in humans and mice. Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists systemically or locally boost antitumor efficacy in mouse cancer models. In our previous study, the co-administration of GalCer and a TLR agonist synergistically enhanced interferon-γ (IFN-γ) production in mouse splenocytes in vitro and in vivo. The increased IFN-γ production promoted a tumor antigen-specific Th1 response. Therefore, co-treatment with GalCer and a TLR agonist is expected to exert an enhanced antitumor effect. In the present study, we examined the effect of GalCer and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) combination therapy in a mouse lung-metastasis model. GalCer and LPS combination therapy markedly decreased the number of lung metastatic tumor nodes. Co-treatment with GalCer and LPS enhanced the mRNA expression of CXCL9 and CXCL10 in mediastinal lymph nodes (MLNs) and increased the number of CD8+ cells in the MLNs. Furthermore, the depletion of CD8+ T cells canceled the antitumor effect of GalCer and LPS combination therapy. Thus, GalCer and LPS combination therapy significantly enhanced tumor antigen-specific immune responses and suppressed tumor growth in a mouse lung-metastasis model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research