Combination Therapy with Renin-Angiotensin System Blockers and Vitamin D Receptor Activators for Predialysis Patients Is Associated with the Incidence of Cardiovascular Events after Dialysis Initiation

A Multicenter Nonrandomized Prospective Cohort Study

Daijo Inaguma, Eri Ito, Shigehisa Koide, Kazuo Takahashi, Hiroki Hayashi, Midori Hasegawa, Yukio Yuzawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Several human studies reported that the combined use of renin-angiotensin system blockers (RASBs) and vitamin D receptor activators (VDRAs) resulted in decreased urinary protein excretion. However, it is unknown whether this combination therapy influences the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events in dialysis patients. Methods: The study was a multicenter nonrandomized prospective cohort analysis including 1,518 patients. Patients were classified into 4 groups based on medications prescribed before dialysis initiation: those who did not receive RASBs or oral VDRAs (N group), those receiving only RASBs, those receiving only VDRAs, and those receiving a combination of RASBs and VDRAs (RD group). CV events after dialysis initiation were compared using the log-rank test. Factors contributing to the incidence of CV events were examined using multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed in the incidence of CV events and all-cause mortality between the 4 groups (p = 0.021 and p = 0.001, respectively). Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.65, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50-0.86, p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (HR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.47-0.93, p = 0.016). Conclusion: Combination therapy with RASBs and VDRAs in patients before dialysis initiation was associated with a reduction in CV events during maintenance dialysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-81
Number of pages11
JournalCardioRenal Medicine
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2017

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Calcitriol Receptors
Renin-Angiotensin System
Dialysis
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Incidence
Confidence Intervals
Therapeutics
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis
Maintenance
Mortality
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{b9101a8a20914ae0a0a6f3bb2a9c1ce2,
title = "Combination Therapy with Renin-Angiotensin System Blockers and Vitamin D Receptor Activators for Predialysis Patients Is Associated with the Incidence of Cardiovascular Events after Dialysis Initiation: A Multicenter Nonrandomized Prospective Cohort Study",
abstract = "Background: Several human studies reported that the combined use of renin-angiotensin system blockers (RASBs) and vitamin D receptor activators (VDRAs) resulted in decreased urinary protein excretion. However, it is unknown whether this combination therapy influences the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events in dialysis patients. Methods: The study was a multicenter nonrandomized prospective cohort analysis including 1,518 patients. Patients were classified into 4 groups based on medications prescribed before dialysis initiation: those who did not receive RASBs or oral VDRAs (N group), those receiving only RASBs, those receiving only VDRAs, and those receiving a combination of RASBs and VDRAs (RD group). CV events after dialysis initiation were compared using the log-rank test. Factors contributing to the incidence of CV events were examined using multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed in the incidence of CV events and all-cause mortality between the 4 groups (p = 0.021 and p = 0.001, respectively). Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.65, 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 0.50-0.86, p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (HR = 0.66, 95{\%} CI: 0.47-0.93, p = 0.016). Conclusion: Combination therapy with RASBs and VDRAs in patients before dialysis initiation was associated with a reduction in CV events during maintenance dialysis.",
author = "Daijo Inaguma and Eri Ito and Shigehisa Koide and Kazuo Takahashi and Hiroki Hayashi and Midori Hasegawa and Yukio Yuzawa",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1159/000479894",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "71--81",
journal = "CardioRenal Medicine",
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number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Combination Therapy with Renin-Angiotensin System Blockers and Vitamin D Receptor Activators for Predialysis Patients Is Associated with the Incidence of Cardiovascular Events after Dialysis Initiation

T2 - A Multicenter Nonrandomized Prospective Cohort Study

AU - Inaguma, Daijo

AU - Ito, Eri

AU - Koide, Shigehisa

AU - Takahashi, Kazuo

AU - Hayashi, Hiroki

AU - Hasegawa, Midori

AU - Yuzawa, Yukio

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Background: Several human studies reported that the combined use of renin-angiotensin system blockers (RASBs) and vitamin D receptor activators (VDRAs) resulted in decreased urinary protein excretion. However, it is unknown whether this combination therapy influences the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events in dialysis patients. Methods: The study was a multicenter nonrandomized prospective cohort analysis including 1,518 patients. Patients were classified into 4 groups based on medications prescribed before dialysis initiation: those who did not receive RASBs or oral VDRAs (N group), those receiving only RASBs, those receiving only VDRAs, and those receiving a combination of RASBs and VDRAs (RD group). CV events after dialysis initiation were compared using the log-rank test. Factors contributing to the incidence of CV events were examined using multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed in the incidence of CV events and all-cause mortality between the 4 groups (p = 0.021 and p = 0.001, respectively). Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.65, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50-0.86, p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (HR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.47-0.93, p = 0.016). Conclusion: Combination therapy with RASBs and VDRAs in patients before dialysis initiation was associated with a reduction in CV events during maintenance dialysis.

AB - Background: Several human studies reported that the combined use of renin-angiotensin system blockers (RASBs) and vitamin D receptor activators (VDRAs) resulted in decreased urinary protein excretion. However, it is unknown whether this combination therapy influences the incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events in dialysis patients. Methods: The study was a multicenter nonrandomized prospective cohort analysis including 1,518 patients. Patients were classified into 4 groups based on medications prescribed before dialysis initiation: those who did not receive RASBs or oral VDRAs (N group), those receiving only RASBs, those receiving only VDRAs, and those receiving a combination of RASBs and VDRAs (RD group). CV events after dialysis initiation were compared using the log-rank test. Factors contributing to the incidence of CV events were examined using multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed in the incidence of CV events and all-cause mortality between the 4 groups (p = 0.021 and p = 0.001, respectively). Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.65, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.50-0.86, p = 0.002). Multivariate analysis revealed that the incidence of CV events was significantly lower in the RD group than in the N group (HR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.47-0.93, p = 0.016). Conclusion: Combination therapy with RASBs and VDRAs in patients before dialysis initiation was associated with a reduction in CV events during maintenance dialysis.

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U2 - 10.1159/000479894

DO - 10.1159/000479894

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 71

EP - 81

JO - CardioRenal Medicine

JF - CardioRenal Medicine

SN - 1664-3828

IS - 1

ER -