Comparative Analyses of Copy-Number Variation in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Schizophrenia Reveal Etiological Overlap and Biological Insights

Itaru Kushima, Branko Aleksic, Masahiro Nakatochi, Teppei Shimamura, Takashi Okada, Yota Uno, Mako Morikawa, Kanako Ishizuka, Tomoko Shiino, Hiroki Kimura, Yuko Arioka, Akira Yoshimi, Yuto Takasaki, Yanjie Yu, Yukako Nakamura, Maeri Yamamoto, Tetsuya Iidaka, Shuji Iritani, Toshiya Inada, Nanayo OgawaEmiko Shishido, Youta Torii, Naoko Kawano, Yutaka Omura, Toru Yoshikawa, Tokio Uchiyama, Toshimichi Yamamoto, Masashi Ikeda, Ryota Hashimoto, Hidenaga Yamamori, Yuka Yasuda, Toshiyuki Someya, Yuichiro Watanabe, Jun Egawa, Ayako Nunokawa, Masanari Itokawa, Makoto Arai, Mitsuhiro Miyashita, Akiko Kobori, Michio Suzuki, Tsutomu Takahashi, Masahide Usami, Masaki Kodaira, Kyota Watanabe, Tsukasa Sasaki, Hitoshi Kuwabara, Mamoru Tochigi, Fumichika Nishimura, Hidenori Yamasue, Yosuke Eriguchi, Seico Benner, Masaki Kojima, Walid Yassin, Toshio Munesue, Shigeru Yokoyama, Ryo Kimura, Yasuko Funabiki, Hirotaka Kosaka, Makoto Ishitobi, Tetsuro Ohmori, Shusuke Numata, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tomoko Toyota, Kazuhiro Yamakawa, Toshimitsu Suzuki, Yushi Inoue, Kentaro Nakaoka, Yu ichi Goto, Masumi Inagaki, Naoki Hashimoto, Ichiro Kusumi, Shuraku Son, Toshiya Murai, Tempei Ikegame, Naohiro Okada, Kiyoto Kasai, Shohko Kunimoto, Daisuke Mori, Nakao Iwata, Norio Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compelling evidence in Caucasian populations suggests a role for copy-number variations (CNVs) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia (SCZ). We analyzed 1,108 ASD cases, 2,458 SCZ cases, and 2,095 controls in a Japanese population and confirmed an increased burden of rare exonic CNVs in both disorders. Clinically significant (or pathogenic) CNVs, including those at 29 loci common to both disorders, were found in about 8% of ASD and SCZ cases, which was significantly higher than in controls. Phenotypic analysis revealed an association between clinically significant CNVs and intellectual disability. Gene set analysis showed significant overlap of biological pathways in both disorders including oxidative stress response, lipid metabolism/modification, and genomic integrity. Finally, based on bioinformatics analysis, we identified multiple disease-relevant genes in eight well-known ASD/SCZ-associated CNV loci (e.g., 22q11.2, 3q29). Our findings suggest an etiological overlap of ASD and SCZ and provide biological insights into these disorders. Kushima et al. perform comparative analyses of CNVs in ASD and SCZ in a Japanese population. They identify pathogenic CNVs and biological pathways in each disorder with significant overlap. Patients with pathogenic CNVs have a higher prevalence of intellectual disability. Disease-relevant genes are detected in eight well-known ASD/SCZ-associated CNV loci.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2838-2856
Number of pages19
JournalCell Reports
Volume24
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-09-2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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