Comparative physiology of postnatal developments of cardiopulmonary reflex.

Shunji Nagaoka, Yukiko Bito, Rie Sakuma, Hiroko Nomura, Tadayoshi Hata, Junpei Nishiyama, Yutaka Hirata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We analyzed and compared the frequency components of the heart rate variability in human neonate, rat, white chicken, turtle, and frog during the developments. Frequency analysis with autocorrelation-FFT method was applied to the heart rate and respiration waves to calculate the respiration induced frequency component in the power spectra. The comparative analysis of the cardiopulmonary reflex in human and rat neonates resulted in a similar developmental progress. In case of human immature neonate, respiration induced frequency component in the heart rate variability was negligible at day-old 0, and significantly increased at postnatal 1 month. The rat neonates also showed no or negligible respiration induced components until days 8 and it became significant approximately postnatal 1 month. The white chicken also indicated negligible respiration induced component before and a few days after hatching, and became significant after 38 days-old (17 days post hatching). However the frog and the turtle indicated no clear response in entire periods of the development even in adult. The results strongly suggested that gravity may be a possible essential factor of the appearance of the post natal development of the cardiopulmonary reflex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-266
Number of pages2
JournalBiological sciences in space = Uchū seibutsu kagaku
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 10-2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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