Objectives To evaluate clinical/histological response and prognosis between preoperative gemcitabine-based chemoradiation therapy (G-CRT) and gemcitabine plus S1-based CRT (GS-CRT) for localized pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients according to the 3 resectability groups. Methods Among 199 patients who had 90% or more relative dose intensity of chemotherapy and completion of radiotherapy preoperatively (G-CRT: 98 and GS-CRT: 101), the subjects were 113 patients (G-CRT: 60 and GS-CRT: 53) who underwent curative-intent resection, and we compared clinical and histological effects between the 2 regimens. Results There is a significant improvement in clinical and histological responses as assessed by reduction rate in tumor size, post-CRT serum level of carbohydrate antigen 19-9, and the ratio of histological high responder according to the Evans grading system in GS-CRT, as compared with G-CRT, which in turn significantly increased R0 resection rate (P = 0.013). These effects of GS-CRT resulted in significant improvement of disease-specific survival (median survival time, 36.0 vs 27.2 months; P = 0.042), especially in patients with unresectable locally advanced disease (36.0 vs 18.1 months, P = 0.014). Conclusions For localized pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients, GS-CRT, as compared with G-CRT, provides significant improvement in clinical and histological response as well as long-time survival, especially in patients with unresectable locally advanced disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism