Objective: To compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing percutaneous intervention for stent thrombosis (ST) or saphenous vein graft (SVG) occlusion. Background: Patients presenting with ST or SVG occlusion are at increased risk of adverse outcomes. There is limited literature comparing the outcome of such patients. Methods: A cohort of 415 consecutive patients presenting to the MedStar Washington Hospital Center undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for an acute coronary syndrome secondary to ST (n. = 136) or SVG occlusion (n. = 279) was studied. The SVG group was subdivided into patients who underwent PCI in the occluded SVG (SVG-PCI: n. = 75) or in the subtended native coronary artery (NC-PCI: n. = 204). The analyzed clinical parameters were in-hospital complications as well as 30-day and 1-year major adverse cardiac events (MACE). MACE was defined as all-cause mortality, Q-wave myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization. Results: The rates of death, major bleeding, and length of hospital stay were significantly different between the ST and NC-PCI groups. The SVG-PCI group had a shorter hospital stay. The 30-day MACE rate was significantly different in the ST and NC-PCI groups (18.9% vs. 7.5%; risk ratio. = 0.40, 95% CI. = 0.20-0.81, p. = 0.03) but not in the ST and SVG-PCI groups (18.9% vs. 15.1%; p. = 0.55, risk ratio. = 0.80, 95% CI. = 0.38-1.68). There were no differences in the 1-year MACE rate. Conclusions: As compared to patients undergoing NC-PCI, patients with ST have greater rates of in-hospital mortality and major bleeding as well as 30-day MACE rate. The 1-year MACE rate is similar in patients with ST and SVG occlusion who undergo PCI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine