Rationale and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the interobserver agreements and diagnostic accuracies for IASLC/ITMIG (International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/International Thymic Malignancies Interest Group) thymic epithelial tumor staging of co-registered fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (FDG-PET/MRI), MRI, integrated fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT), and conventional imaging examination. Materials and Methods: Prospective whole-body MRI including diffusion-weighted imaging, integrated PET/CTs, conventional imaging examinations, pathological examinations, and surgical reports, as well as follow-up examinations, were performed for 64 consecutive patients with thymic epithelial tumor. All FDG-PET/MRIs were co-registered PET data with MRI. TNM staging was evaluated by two radiologists on the basis of the IASLC/ITMIG thymic epithelial tumor staging system. Kappa statistics were determined for evaluations of agreements of all factors between each of the methods and final diagnosis. Finally, the diagnostic accuracy of each factor and of determination of the clinical stage was statistically compared to each other using McNemar test. Results: Agreements for all factors between each method and final diagnosis were assessed as fair, moderate, substantial, or almost perfect (0.28 ≤ kappa value ≤ 0.80; P < .0001). Diagnostic accuracy for N factor of PET/MRI (93.8% [60/64]) and MRI (93.8% [60/64]) was significantly higher than that of conventional imaging examination (81.3% [52/64] vs PET/MRI and MRI; P = .008). In addition, diagnostic accuracy for staging of PET/MRI (84.4% [54/64]) and MRI (84.4 [54/64]) was significantly higher than that of conventional imaging examination (71.9% [46/64] vs PET/MRI and MRI; P = .008). Conclusions: Whole-body PET/MRI, MRI, and PET/CT have better interobserver agreements and accuracies than conventional imaging examination for the new IASLC/ITMIG thymic epithelial tumor staging.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging