Comparison of lung CT number and airway dimension evaluation capabilities of ultra-high-resolution CT, using different scan modes and reconstruction methods including deep learning reconstruction, with those of multi-detector CT in a QIBA phantom study

Yoshiharu Ohno, Naruomi Akino, Yasuko Fujisawa, Hirona Kimata, Yuya Ito, Kenji Fujii, Yumi Kataoka, Yoshihiro Ida, Yuka Oshima, Nayu Hamabuchi, Chika Shigemura, Ayumi Watanabe, Yuki Obama, Satomu Hanamatsu, Takahiro Ueda, Hirotaka Ikeda, Kazuhiro Murayama, Hiroshi Toyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Ultra-high-resolution CT (UHR-CT), which can be applied normal resolution (NR), high-resolution (HR), and super-high-resolution (SHR) modes, has become available as in conjunction with multi-detector CT (MDCT). Moreover, deep learning reconstruction (DLR) method, as well as filtered back projection (FBP), hybrid-type iterative reconstruction (IR), and model-based IR methods, has been clinically used. The purpose of this study was to directly compare lung CT number and airway dimension evaluation capabilities of UHR-CT using different scan modes with those of MDCT with different reconstruction methods as investigated in a lung density and airway phantom design recommended by QIBA. Materials and methods: Lung CT number, inner diameter (ID), inner area (IA), and wall thickness (WT) were measured, and mean differences between measured CT number, ID, IA, WT, and standard reference were compared by means of Tukey’s HSD test between all UHR-CT data and MDCT reconstructed with FBP as 1.0-mm section thickness. Results: For each reconstruction method, mean differences in lung CT numbers and all airway parameters on 0.5-mm and 1-mm section thickness CTs obtained with SHR and HR modes showed significant differences with those obtained with the NR mode on UHR-CT and MDCT (p < 0.05). Moreover, the mean differences on all UHR-CTs obtained with SHR, HR, or NR modes were significantly different from those of 1.0-mm section thickness MDCTs reconstructed with FBP (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Scan modes and reconstruction methods used for UHR-CT were found to significantly affect lung CT number and airway dimension evaluations as did reconstruction methods used for MDCT. Key Points: • Scan and reconstruction methods used for UHR-CT showed significantly higher CT numbers and smaller airway dimension evaluations as did those for MDCT in a QIBA phantom study (p < 0.05). • Mean differences in lung CT number for 0.25-mm, 0.5-mm, and 1.0-mm section thickness CT images obtained with SHR and HR modes were significantly larger than those for CT images at 1.0-mm section thickness obtained with MDCT and reconstructed with FBP (p < 0.05). • Mean differences in inner diameter (ID), inner area (IA), and wall thickness (WT) measured with SHR and HR modes on 0.5- and 1.0-mm section thickness CT images were significantly smaller than those obtained with NR mode on UHR-CT and MDCT (p < 0.05).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)368-379
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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