Anticancer drug sensitivity affects prognosis in ovarian carcinoma. Previously, we purified spectrin αII and βII tetramers from cisplatin-resistant ovarian serous adenocarcinoma cells and demonstrated that they contribute to platinum anticancer drug resistance. In this clinical study, we focused on the role of spectrin αII expression. It is our objective to demonstrate the potential of spectrin αII expression as a useful predictor of anticancer drug resistance and postoperative prognosis in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Spectrin αII expression in the ovarian adenocarcinoma surgical specimens of 193 patients was examined by immunohistochemical staining. Staining strength was scored 3+, regarded as positive expression, and 2+, 1+, and 0, regarded as non-positive expression. Prognoses obtained from clinical records were evaluated by statistical analysis. In the 193 cases studied, positive spectrin αII expression was associated with worse overall survival when compared with non-positive expression (P < 0.001 by log-rank test), and spectrin αII expression was identified as an independent predictive factor of overall survival (hazard ratio[HR]: 3.77, 95% confidence interval[CI]: 1.77–8.00; P < 0.001 by multivariate Cox's proportional hazards model). In the study about progression-free survival, spectrin αII expression was not associated with prognoses. However, similar results as overall survival were obtained for survival after recurrence of the 92 recurrent cases (P = 0.0051 by log-rank test, HR: 4.49, 95% CI: 2.06–9.79; P < 0.001 by multivariate Cox's proportional hazards model). In a detailed overall survival study of 66 serous adenocarcinoma patients and 127 nonserous adenocarcinoma patients, similar results were also obtained. Spectrin αII expression is a useful predictor of anticancer drug resistance and postoperative prognosis in epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research