OBJECTIVE. The OBJECTIVE of our study was to prospectively compare the capability of dynamic area-detector CT analyzed with different mathematic methods and PET/CT in the management of pulmonary nodules. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Fifty-two consecutive patients with 96 pulmonary nodules underwent dynamic area-detector CT, PET/CT, and microbacterial or pathologic examinations. All nodules were classified into the following groups: malignant nodules (n = 57), benign nodules with low biologic activity (n = 15), and benign nodules with high biologic activity (n = 24). On dynamic area-detector CT, the total, pulmonary arterial, and systemic arterial perfusions were calculated using the dual-input maximum slope method; perfusion was calculated using the single-input maximum slope method; and extraction fraction and blood volume (BV) were calculated using the Patlak plot method. All indexes were statistically compared among the three nodule groups. Then, receiver operating characteristic analyses were used to compare the diagnostic capabilities of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) and each perfusion parameter having a significant difference between malignant and benign nodules. Finally, the diagnostic performances of the indexes were compared by means of the McNemar test. RESULTS. No adverse effects were observed in this study. All indexes except extraction fraction and BV, both of which were calculated using the Patlak plot method, showed significant differences among the three groups (p < 0.05). Areas under the curve of total perfusion calculated using the dual-input method, pulmonary arterial perfusion calculated using the dual-input method, and perfusion calculated using the single-input method were significantly larger than that of SUVmax (p < 0.05). The accuracy of total perfusion (83.3%) was significantly greater than the accuracy of the other indexes: pulmonary arterial perfusion (72.9%, p < 0.05), systemic arterial perfusion calculated using the dual-input method (69.8%, p < 0.05), perfusion (66.7%, p < 0.05), and SUVmax (60.4%, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION. Dynamic area-detector CT analyzed using the dual-input maximum slope method has better potential for the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules than dynamic areadetector CT analyzed using other methods and than PET/CT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging