Comparison of Recurrence Between Pancreatic and Duodenal Neuroendocrine Neoplasms After Curative Resection: A Single-Institution Analysis

Toshihiko Masui, Asahi Sato, Kenzo Nakano, Yuichiro Uchida, Akitada Yogo, Takayuki Anazawa, Kazuyuki Nagai, Yoshiya Kawaguchi, Kyoichi Takaori, Shinji Uemoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The primary site of a neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) around the head of the pancreas is sometimes difficult to assess before resection, and the characteristics of the primary site around this region have not been elucidated for recurrence after curative resection. In this study, the clinicopathologic characteristics of pancreatic NEN (PanNEN) and duodenal NEN (DuNEN) were evaluated, and the risk factors as well as the recurrence types after resection were investigated. Methods: Consecutively diagnosed NEN patients at the authors’ hospital from January 2000 to July 2016 were evaluated in this study. For 117 PanNEN patients and 31 non-ampullary DuNEN patients, R0 resection was achieved. The median follow-up period was 8.1 years. Results: In this study, 27 PanNEN patients (23.1%) had recurrences, with a median disease-free survival (DFS) of 133 months, whereas 11 DuNEN patients (35.5%) had recurrences, with a median DFS of 156 months. The PanNEN patients tended to have primary recurrence in the liver (85.2%), followed by lymph nodes (11.1%). The independent risk factors for short DFS were lymph node metastasis at resection (p = 0.001) and microvascular invasion (p = 0.048). In contrast, the DuNEN patients were likely to have lymph node metastasis (81.8%). The independent risk factors for short DFS were lymph node metastasis at resection (p = 0.003) and large diameter (p = 0.013). Conclusions: Most initial recurrences of PanNEN occurred in the liver, whereas those of DuNEN appeared in lymph nodes, suggesting that proper diagnosis of the primary site and appropriate imaging methods for surveillance after resection are necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-534
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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