Complementary role of Indocyanine green video angiography, dual-image video angiography and flow-800

Khabibullo A. Khasanov, Gulnara A. Alikhodjayeva, Yasuhiro Yamada, Yoko Kato, Jakhongir B. Yakubov, Kaan Yağmurlu, Bipin Chaurasia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Visualization of cerebral vessels, their branches and the surrounding structures are essential during cerebrovascular surgery. Indocyanine green dye-based video angiography is a commonly used technique in cerebrovascular surgery. This paper aims to analyze the real-time imaging of ICG-AG, DIVA, and the use of ICG-VA with Flow 800 to compare their usefulness in surgery. Methods: Intraoperative real-time identification of vascular and surrounding structures in twenty nine anterior circulation aneurysms and three posterior circulation aneurysm clipping, one STA-MCA bypass, and two carotid endarterectomies were performed in patients using ICG-VA alone, DIVA, ICG-VA with Flow 800 to analyze and compare each of these methods in details. Results: ICG-VA and DIVA couldn’t visualize perforators in twenty-three cases of cerebral aneurysms clipping when used alone. Compared to that by adding Flow 800 perforators were easily visualized. In three cases, occlusion of perforators after clip application was visualized by DIVA and solved by repositioning surgical clips. In one STA-MCA bypass surgery, adequate blood flow to cortical branches of MCA (M4) from STA branches was assessed with ICG-VA, DIVA, and the use of ICG-VA with Flow 800 color mapping. ICG-VA, DIVA, and Flow 800 observed the lack of blood flow and fluttering atherosclerotic plaques in carotid endarterectomy. In one case of basilar tip aneurysm, we used ICG-VA with Flow 800; the intensity diagram drawn after determining regions of interest showed that there was no flow within the aneurysm sac after clipping. Conclusion: In real-time surgery, a multimodal approach using ICG-VA, DIVA, and ICG-VA with Flow 800 colour mapping can serve as useful tools for better visualization of vascular and surrounding structures. The benefits of flow 800 color mapping, such as determining regions of interest, intensity diagrams, and color-coded images, outweigh the advantages over the ICG-VA and DIVA in the visualization of critical vascular anatomy in humans during surgical procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1652-1658
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Neurosurgery
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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