Gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is increasingly performed in patients receiving antithrombotic therapy. Second-look endoscopy (SLE) has been performed empirically in several clinical settings. We investigated whether SLE omission was associated with an increased risk of postESD bleeding in all patients, including those administered antithrombotic agents. Between July 2016 and June 2018, 229 patients were treated with a clinical pathway for gastric ESD that involved SLE on the day after ESD (SLE group). Between September 2018 and May 2020, 215 patients were treated using a clinical pathway that did not include SLE (nonSLE group). We retrospectively compared the incidence of postESD bleeding among the propensity score-matched cohorts and determined the risk factors for postESD bleeding using multivariate analysis. The propensity score-matched cohorts showed no significant differences in the incidence of postESD bleeding between the SLE (3.2%) and nonSLE (5.1%) groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of lesions in the lower gastric body (adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-4.35, P.03) was a significant risk factor for postESD bleeding during admission, whereas resected specimen size ≥ 40 mm (adjusted OR 3.21, 95% CI 1.19-8.19, P.02) and antiplatelet therapy (adjusted OR 4.16, 95% CI 1.47-11.80, P.007) were significant risk factors after discharge. Complete omission of SLE after gastric ESD does not increase postESD bleeding in clinical practice.
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