Comprehensive analysis of a novel mouse model of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a model with the most common 3.0-Mb deletion at the human 22q11.2 locus

Ryo Saito, Michinori Koebis, Taku Nagai, Kimiko Shimizu, Jingzhu Liao, Bolati Wulaer, Yuki Sugaya, Kenichiro Nagahama, Naofumi Uesaka, Itaru Kushima, Daisuke Mori, Kazuaki Maruyama, Kazuki Nakao, Hiroki Kurihara, Kiyofumi Yamada, Masanobu Kano, Yoshitaka Fukada, Norio Ozaki, Atsu Aiba

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Abstract

The 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is associated with an increased risk for psychiatric disorders. Although most of the 22q11.2DS patients have a 3.0-Mb deletion, existing mouse models only mimic a minor mutation of 22q11.2DS, a 1.5-Mb deletion. The role of the genes existing outside the 1.5-Mb deletion in psychiatric symptoms of 22q11.2DS is unclear. In this study, we generated a mouse model that reproduced the 3.0-Mb deletion of the 22q11.2DS (Del(3.0 Mb)/ +) using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Ethological and physiological phenotypes of adult male mutants were comprehensively evaluated by visual-evoked potentials, circadian behavioral rhythm, and a series of behavioral tests, such as measurement of locomotor activity, prepulse inhibition, fear-conditioning memory, and visual discrimination learning. As a result, Del(3.0 Mb)/ + mice showed reduction of auditory prepulse inhibition and attenuated cue-dependent fear memory, which is consistent with the phenotypes of existing 22q11.2DS models. In addition, Del(3.0 Mb)/ + mice displayed an impaired early visual processing that is commonly seen in patients with schizophrenia. Meanwhile, unlike the existing models, Del(3.0 Mb)/ + mice exhibited hypoactivity over several behavioral tests, possibly reflecting the fatigability of 22q11.2DS patients. Lastly, Del(3.0 Mb)/ + mice displayed a faster adaptation to experimental jet lag as compared with wild-type mice. Our results support the validity of Del(3.0 Mb)/ + mice as a schizophrenia animal model and suggest that our mouse model is a useful resource to understand pathogenic mechanisms of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders associated with 22q11.2DS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalTranslational psychiatry
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry

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    Saito, R., Koebis, M., Nagai, T., Shimizu, K., Liao, J., Wulaer, B., Sugaya, Y., Nagahama, K., Uesaka, N., Kushima, I., Mori, D., Maruyama, K., Nakao, K., Kurihara, H., Yamada, K., Kano, M., Fukada, Y., Ozaki, N., & Aiba, A. (2020). Comprehensive analysis of a novel mouse model of the 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: a model with the most common 3.0-Mb deletion at the human 22q11.2 locus. Translational psychiatry, 10(1), [35]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41398-020-0723-z