Molecular mechanisms of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) remain unclear in Japanese patients. Japanese EACs frequently have underlying short length BE: short-segment BE (SSBE), for which, neoplastic potential remains unclear. We performed comprehensive methylation profiling of EAC and BE in Japanese patients, mostly comprised with SSBE. Using three different groups of biopsies obtained from non-neoplastic BE from patients without cancer (n = 50; N group), with EAC (n = 27; ADJ group) and EAC (n = 22; T group), methylation statuses of nine candidate genes (N33, DPYS, SLC16A12, CDH13, IGF2, MLF1, MYOD1, PRDM5, and P2RX7) were examined by the bisulfite pyrosequencing. Reduced representation bisulfite sequencing was performed to characterize the genome-wide methylation status in 32 samples (12 from N, 12 ADJ, and 8 from T groups). In the candidate approach, methylation levels of N33, DPYS, and SLC16A12 were higher in ADJ and T groups compared to that in N group. The ADJ group was an independent factor for higher DNA methylation in non-neoplastic BE. The genome-wide approach demonstrated an increase of hypermethylation from ADJ to T groups relative to N group near the transcription start sites. Among gene groups hypermethylated in ADJ and T groups (n = 645) and T group alone (n = 1438), 1/4 and 1/3 were overlapped with downregulated genes in the microarray data set, respectively. Accelerated DNA methylation is observed in EAC and underlying BE in Japanese patients, mostly comprised with SSBE, highlighting the potential impact of methylation in early carcinogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research