Serum concentrations of manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD; EC 188.8.131.52), a mitochondrial enzyme present in high concentrations in the heart, were measured successively by enzyme immunoassay in 18 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and in eight with angina pectoris. Results were compared with creatine kinase (EC 184.108.40.206) isoenzyme MB (CK-MB) concentrations in the same specimens. The mean (and SD) serum Mn-SOD concentration in 120 healthy adults was 77.5 (18) μg/L. Mn-SOD concentrations exceeding 150 μg/L (>mean + 4 SD) were considered above-normal. In patients with AMI, the Mn-SOD concentration was 80 (16.8) μg/L on admission and increased gradually after the first hospital day. The peak, 260 (109) μg/L, occurred on the fourth hospital day, at which time the Mn-SOD concentrations in all AMI patients were above normal. Thereafter the Mn-SOD concentration decreased slowly, but still was above normal in 14 of 18 patients on the seventh hospital day. On the other hand, in patients with angina pectoris, the Mn-SOD concentration was 78 (11) μg/L on admission and did not increase significantly [peak value 97.5 (42) μg/L on the fourth hospital day]. The serum concentration of Mn-SOD is a potentially useful marker for estimating cardiac mitochondrial damage and for diagnosing AMI, especially in the late phase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical