Congenital chloride diarrhea needs to be distinguished from Bartter and Gitelman syndrome

Natsuki Matsunoshita, Kandai Nozu, Masahide Yoshikane, Azusa Kawaguchi, Naoya Fujita, Naoya Morisada, Shingo Ishimori, Tomohiko Yamamura, Shogo Minamikawa, Tomoko Horinouchi, Keita Nakanishi, Junya Fujimura, Takeshi Ninchoji, Ichiro Morioka, Hiroaki Nagase, Mariko Taniguchi-Ikeda, Hiroshi Kaito, Kazumoto Iijima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Pseudo-Bartter/Gitelman syndrome (p-BS/GS) encompasses a clinically heterogeneous group of inherited or acquired disorders similar to Bartter syndrome (BS) or Gitelman syndrome (GS), both renal salt-losing tubulopathies. Phenotypic overlap frequently occurs between p-BS/GS and BS/GS, which are difficult to diagnose based on their clinical presentation and require genetic tests for accurate diagnosis. In addition, p-BS/GS can occur as a result of other inherited diseases such as cystic fibrosis, autosomal dominant hypocalcemia, Dent disease, or congenital chloride diarrhea (CCD). However, the detection of the variants in genes other than known BS/GS-causing genes by conventional Sanger sequencing requires substantial time and resources. We studied 27 cases clinically diagnosed with BS/GS, but with negative genetic tests for known BS/GS genes. We conducted targeted sequencing for 22 genes including genes responsible for tubulopathies and other inherited diseases manifesting with p-BS/GS symptoms. We detected the SLC26A3 gene variants responsible for CCD in two patients. In Patient 1, we found the SLC26A3 compound heterozygous variants: c.354delC and c.1008insT. In Patient 2, we identified the compound heterozygous variants: c.877G > A, p.(Glu293Lys), and c.1008insT. Our results suggest that a comprehensive genetic screening system using targeted sequencing is useful for the diagnosis of patients with p-BS/GS with alternative genetic origins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)887-892
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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