Objective: This study aims to compare dynamic conformal arc (DCA) plans based on different-percentage isodose surfaces (IDSs), normalised to 100% at the isocentre, for target coverage (TC; dose prescription) in stereotactic radiotherapy for large cystic brain metastases. Methods: The DCA plans were generated for 15 targets (5 spherical models and 10 metastatic brain lesions) based on 90%, 80% and 70% IDSs for dose prescription to attain ≥99% TC values using the Novalis Tx platform. These plans were optimised mainly by leaf margin and/or collimator angle adjustment, while similar arc arrangements were used. Results: TC values were equivalent among the three plans. Conformity index values were similar between the 80% and 70% plans, while they were worse in the 90% plans. Mean doses (D mean) of the interior 3 mm rind structure were highest in the 70% plans, followed by the 80% plans and lowest in the 90% plans. D mean of the exterior 3 mm rind structure and the ratio of 50%/100% isodose volumes (Paddick's gradient index values) were highest in the 90% plans, followed by 80% and lowest in the 70% plans. Conclusions: These results suggest that the 70% IDS plans might be beneficial for both tumour control and reducing toxicity to surrounding normal tissue if appropriate dose conformity and precise treatment set-up are ensured. The 90% IDS plans are unfavourable in view of inferior dose gradient outside the target and should be limited to cases in which the target dose homogeneity is given the highest priority.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging