Construction and in vitro characterization of a molecularly cloned human immunodeficiency virus type 1 library

Tetsu Mukai, Takeshi Kurosu, Masanobu Kinomoto, Satoshi Komoto, Miki Shiraga, Wattana Auwanit, Kazuyoshi Ikuta

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Development of a safe and effective vaccine against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is urgent, but many concerns regarding the safety and efficacy of the currently developing vaccines remain. A major hindrance in HIV vaccine development is the genetic diversity, a hallmark of HIV biology, and a poor understanding of how HIV vaccine prevents the emergence of escape variants during infection and progression of AIDS. Here, we developed a method to construct a molecularly cloned viral library. This technique employs a long-range polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to amplify a virtually full-length HIV type 1 (HIV-1) provirus genome from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) infected with CRF01_AE (subtype E) Thai primary isolate. Among randomly selected 93 clones, 41 with a full-length sequence were able to replicate in PBMCs, 5 of which induced strong cytopathic effects. Replication kinetics also showed that the parental virus was intermediate among the clones. Thus, the molecular library prepared by this method showed the quasi-species in infected cells and this method could provide a new possibility for the development of an order-made therapeutic vaccine against HIV-1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1181-1185
Number of pages5
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - 15-01-2002
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • General Immunology and Microbiology
  • General Veterinary
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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