Continuous assessment of hemodynamic control by complex demodulation of cardiovascular variability

J. Hayano, J. A. Taylor, A. Yamada, S. Mukai, R. Hori, T. Asakawa, K. Yokoyama, Y. Watanabe, K. Takata, T. Fujinami

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Usefulness of complex demodulation (CDM) in assessing the frequency components of cardiovascular variability was assessed and, subsequently, this technique was utilized to determine the time-dependent responses of the low- frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) amplitudes of heart rate and blood pressure variabilities during postural tilt. CDM provides the time-dependent changes in amplitude of a particular frequency component on a continuous basis. Analysis of simulated data showed that CDM has sufficient frequency resolution to separately measure LF and HF amplitudes with a time resolution <15 s and that CDM is robust to alterations in the frequency of the components. Analysis of actual data during postural tilt test in 23 young healthy subjects demonstrated that the HF amplitude of heart rate, an index of cardiac parasympathetic tone, rapidly decayed with head-up tilt (P < 0.01) and increased quickly showing an overshoot with tilt back to the supine position (P < 0.01). The LF amplitude of blood pressure, an index of vasomotor sympathetic activity, showed marked rhythmic fluctuation at an interval of 48-100 s during head-up tilt (P < 0.01), synchronizing with similar fluctuation in the LF amplitude of heart rate (P < 0.01). These results suggest that CDM can be used to provide a continuous assessment of cardiovascular variability components and that the dynamic responses of autonomic circulatory control to upright posture result in a phasic modulation of LF amplitude.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1229-H1238
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number4 33-4
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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