Backgrounds and objectives: The optimal strategy for the management of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is still controversial. We previously reported the effectiveness of low dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and etoposide (VP-16) (AV therapy) for those elderly AML patients ineligible for intensive chemotherapy. We initiated the present feasibility study to improve the efficacy by using glanulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) with AV therapy (AVG therapy). Patients and methods: The eligibility for enrolment was AML patients according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria who were over 60 years of age and who had difficulty in tolerating intensive chemotherapy due to their poor performance status (PS) or some comorbidities. They were given continuous drip infusion of Ara-C (20 mg/body) and VP-16 (50 mg/body) for 7-14 days, and were also simultaneously administered G-CSF (150 μg/m 2) once daily. Results: The median age of consecutively enrolled 25 patients was 73 years. Eighteen (72%) patients achieved complete remission (CR). The 1-year overall survival (OS) and the 3-year OS rates were 69% and 22%, respectively. The 1-year disease free survival (DFS) rate in CR patients was 44%. The major regimen related toxicities of grade 3 or 4 were only febrile neutropenia in 15 patients (60%). No regimen-related mortality was observed. Conclusion: AVG therapy was therefore found to be an effective and well-tolerated regimen for remission induction in elderly AML patients with poor PS or comorbidity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research