Continuous postoperative blood glucose monitoring and control by artificial pancreas in patients having pancreatic resection: A prospective randomized clinical trial

Takehiro Okabayashi, Isao Nishimori, Koichi Yamashita, Takeki Sugimoto, Hiromichi Maeda, Tomoaki Yatabe, Takuhiro Kohsaki, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate a closed-loop system providing continuous monitoring and strict control of perioperative blood glucose following pancreatic resection. Design: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. Patients: Thirty patients who had pancreatic resection for pancreatic neoplasm. Interventions: Patients were prospectively randomized. Perioperative blood glucose levels were continuously monitored using an artificial endocrine pancreas (STG-22). Glucose levels were controlled using either the sliding scale method (sliding scale group, n=13) or the artificial pancreas (artificial pancreas group, n=17). Main Outcome Measures: Incidence of severe hypoglycemia (<40 mg/dL) during the intensive care period following pancreatic resection in patients monitored with the artificial pancreas. The secondary outcome measure was the total amount of insulin required for glycemic control in the first 18 hours after pancreatic resection in each patient group. Results: In the sliding scale group, postoperative blood glucose levels rose initially before reaching a plateau of approximately 200 mg/dL between 4 and 6 hours after pancreatectomy. The levels remained high for 18 hours postoperatively. In the artificial pancreas group, blood glucose levels reduced steadily, reaching the target zone (80-110 mg/dL) by 6 hours after surgery. The total insulin dose administered per patient during the first post-operative 18 hours was significantly higher in the artificial pancreas group (mean [SD], 107[109] IU) than the sliding scale group (8[6] IU; P<.01). Neither group showed hypoglycemia. Conclusions: Perioperative use of an artificial endocrine pancreas to control pancreatogenic diabetes after pancreatic resection is an easy and effective way to maintain near-normal blood glucose levels. The artificial pancreas shows promise for use as insulin treatment for patients with pancreatogenic diabetes after pancreatic resection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)933-937
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume144
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2009
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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