Contribution of the nurses' health study to the epidemiology of cataract, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma

Jae H. Kang, Juan Wu, Eunyoung Cho, Soshiro Ogata, Paul Jacques, Allen Taylor, Chung Jung Chiu, Janey L. Wiggs, Johanna M. Seddon, Susan E. Hankinson, Debra A. Schaumberg, Louis R. Pasquale

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) to understanding the genetic and lifestyle factors that influence the risk of cataract, age-related macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Methods. We performed a narrative review of the publications of the NHS between 1976 and 2016. Results. The NHS has helped to elucidate the roles of genetics, lifestyle factors (e.g., cigarette smoking associated with cataract extraction and age-related macular degeneration), medical conditions (e.g., diabetes associated with cataract extraction and glaucoma), and dietary factors (e.g., greater carotenoid intake and lower glycemic diet associated with lower risk of age-related macular degeneration) in the etiology of degree and progression of lens opacities, cataract extraction, age-related macular degeneration, primary open- Angle glaucoma, and exfoliation glaucoma. Conclusions. The findings from the NHS, combined with those of other studies, have provided compelling evidence to support public health recommendations for helping to prevent age-related eye diseases: Abstinence from cigarette smoking, maintenance of healthy weight and diabetes prevention, and a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1684-1689
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume106
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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