Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a rare inflammatory disease of the post-lactation breast, clinically mimicking breast cancer. GM is microscopically characterized by formation of epithelioid granulomas and abscess (suppurative granulomas) with lipid droplet-centered inflammation. Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii (Ck) is known as a causative bacterium of GM, and identification of Ck infection within the lesion should thus be essential for confirming the diagnosis. In the present study, we analyzed formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) biopsy specimens of a total of 18 GM lesions with immunostaining and real-time PCR for Ck genome. Widely cross-reactive rabbit antisera against Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), Bacillus cereus, Treponema pallidum and Escherichia coli were chosen. With real-time PCR, Ck genome was demonstrated in 7 of 18 GM lesions. Immunohistochemically, the low-specificity antisera reacted with the cytoplasm of phagocytes and/or granuloma-engulfed lipid droplets in 12 of 18 GM lesions. Antigenic positivity was observed in the following order: BCG > B. cereus > T. pallidum > E. coli. Real-time PCR using DNA extracted from FFPE sections was useful but not consistent for identifying the Ck genome in GM, while immunostaining using cross-reactive antisera against four kinds of bacteria was not Ck-specific but was applicable to visualizing bacterial infection within the GM lesions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine