Cross-Disorder Analysis of Genic and Regulatory Copy Number Variations in Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Itaru Kushima, Masahiro Nakatochi, Branko Aleksic, Takashi Okada, Hiroki Kimura, Hidekazu Kato, Mako Morikawa, Toshiya Inada, Kanako Ishizuka, Youta Torii, Yukako Nakamura, Satoshi Tanaka, Miho Imaeda, Nagahide Takahashi, Maeri Yamamoto, Kunihiro Iwamoto, Yoshihiro Nawa, Nanayo Ogawa, Shuji Iritani, Yu HayashiTzuyao Lo, Gantsooj Otgonbayar, Sho Furuta, Nakao Iwata, Masashi Ikeda, Takeo Saito, Kohei Ninomiya, Tomo Okochi, Ryota Hashimoto, Hidenaga Yamamori, Yuka Yasuda, Michiko Fujimoto, Kenichiro Miura, Masanari Itokawa, Makoto Arai, Mitsuhiro Miyashita, Kazuya Toriumi, Kazutaka Ohi, Toshiki Shioiri, Kiyoyuki Kitaichi, Toshiyuki Someya, Yuichiro Watanabe, Jun Egawa, Tsutomu Takahashi, Michio Suzuki, Tsukasa Sasaki, Mamoru Tochigi, Fumichika Nishimura, Hidenori Yamasue, Hitoshi Kuwabara, Tomoyasu Wakuda, Takahiro A. Kato, Shigenobu Kanba, Hideki Horikawa, Masahide Usami, Masaki Kodaira, Kyota Watanabe, Takeo Yoshikawa, Tomoko Toyota, Shigeru Yokoyama, Toshio Munesue, Ryo Kimura, Yasuko Funabiki, Hirotaka Kosaka, Minyoung Jung, Kiyoto Kasai, Tempei Ikegame, Seiichiro Jinde, Shusuke Numata, Makoto Kinoshita, Tadafumi Kato, Chihiro Kakiuchi, Kazuhiro Yamakawa, Toshimitsu Suzuki, Naoki Hashimoto, Shuhei Ishikawa, Bun Yamagata, Shintaro Nio, Toshiya Murai, Shuraku Son, Yasuto Kunii, Hirooki Yabe, Masumi Inagaki, Yu ichi Goto, Yuto Okumura, Tomoya Ito, Yuko Arioka, Daisuke Mori, Norio Ozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We aimed to determine the similarities and differences in the roles of genic and regulatory copy number variations (CNVs) in bipolar disorder (BD), schizophrenia (SCZ), and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Methods: Based on high-resolution CNV data from 8708 Japanese samples, we performed to our knowledge the largest cross-disorder analysis of genic and regulatory CNVs in BD, SCZ, and ASD. Results: In genic CNVs, we found an increased burden of smaller (<100 kb) exonic deletions in BD, which contrasted with the highest burden of larger (>500 kb) exonic CNVs in SCZ/ASD. Pathogenic CNVs linked to neurodevelopmental disorders were significantly associated with the risk for each disorder, but BD and SCZ/ASD differed in terms of the effect size (smaller in BD) and subtype distribution of CNVs linked to neurodevelopmental disorders. We identified 3 synaptic genes (DLG2, PCDH15, and ASTN2) as risk factors for BD. Whereas gene set analysis showed that BD-associated pathways were restricted to chromatin biology, SCZ and ASD involved more extensive and similar pathways. Nevertheless, a correlation analysis of gene set results indicated weak but significant pathway similarities between BD and SCZ or ASD (r = 0.25–0.31). In SCZ and ASD, but not BD, CNVs were significantly enriched in enhancers and promoters in brain tissue. Conclusions: BD and SCZ/ASD differ in terms of CNV burden, characteristics of CNVs linked to neurodevelopmental disorders, and regulatory CNVs. On the other hand, they have shared molecular mechanisms, including chromatin biology. The BD risk genes identified here could provide insight into the pathogenesis of BD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-374
Number of pages13
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Volume92
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biological Psychiatry

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