Current status of surviving patients with arginase 1 deficiency in Japan

Jun Kido, Shirou Matsumoto, Eiko Takeshita, Chiemi Hayasaka, Keitaro Yamada, Jiro Kagawa, Yoko Nakajima, Tetsuya Ito, Hiroyuki Iijima, Fumio Endo, Kimitoshi Nakamura

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Arginase 1 (ARG1) deficiency is a rare urea cycle disorder (UCD), with an estimated frequency of 1 per 2,200,000 births in Japan. Patients with ARG1 deficiency develop symptoms in late infancy or pre-school age with progressive neurological manifestations and sometimes present with severe hepatic disease. We previously investigated the status of UCDs in Japan; however, only one patient was identified as having ARG1 deficiency. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the current status of patients with ARG1 deficiency in 2018–2021 because almost 10 years have passed since the previous study. We present the disease history, clinical outcome, and treatment of five surviving patients with ARG1 deficiency and discuss the features of ARG1 deficiency in Japan. We found that clinicians often face difficulty in diagnosing ARG1 deficiency at the early stage of onset because of interpatient variability in onset time and clinical manifestations. Blood L-arginine and guanidino compounds were considered to be the major factors causing adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Therefore, early detection and intervention of ARG1 deficiency is essential for improved neurodevelopmental outcomes. Liver transplantation has been considered an effective treatment option that can dramatically improve the quality of life of patients, prior to the neurological manifestation of symptoms caused by ARG1 deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100805
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Publication statusPublished - 12-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology


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