Cyclooxygenase product inhibition with acetylsalicylic acid slows disease progression in the Han:SPRD-Cy rat model of polycystic kidney disease

Naser H.M. Ibrahim, Melanie Gregoire, Jessay G. Devassy, Yinhong Wu, Daisuke Yoshihara, Tamio Yamaguchi, Shizuko Nagao, Harold M. Aukema

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Renal cyclooxygenase (COX) derived eicosanoids are elevated and lipoxygenase (LOX) products are reduced in the Han:SPRD-Cy rat model of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Selective COX2 inhibition reduces kidney disease progression, but COX1 levels also are elevated in this model. Since the effect of reducing the products of both COX isoforms and the role of LOX products is not known, weanling normal and diseased Han:SPRD-cy littermates were given either low dose acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), nordihydroguaiaretic (NDGA) or no treatment for eight weeks. Renal eicosanoids were altered in the diseased compared to normal cortex, with COX products being higher and LOX products being lower. ASA reduced COX products, cyst growth and kidney water content, while NDGA reduced LOX products without altering disease progression or kidney function. Hence, a human equivalent ASA dose equal to less than one regular strength aspirin per day slowed disease progression, while further reduction of LOX products did not worsen disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalProstaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators
Volume116-117
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Cell Biology

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