Cytosine-Phosphorothionate-Guanine Oligodeoxynucleotides Exacerbates Hemophagocytosis by Inducing Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Production in Mice after Bone Marrow Transplantation

Jiajia Liu, Yong Mei Guo, Nobuyuki Onai, Hideaki Ohyagi, Makoto Hirokawa, Naoto Takahashi, Hiroyuki Tagawa, Kumi Ubukawa, Isuzu Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Tezuka, Yoshihiro Minamiya, Toshiaki Ohteki, Kenichi Sawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is frequently associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and is treated with some benefit derived from TNF-α inhibitors. However, the mechanisms of how HPS occurs and how a TNF-α inhibitor exerts some benefit to HPS management have remained unclear. We evaluated the effect of toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands, especially focusing on cytosine-phosphorothionate-guanine oligodeoxynucleotide (CpG), a TLR9 ligand, on HPS in mice that underwent transplantation with syngeneic or allogeneic bone marrow (BM) cells (Syn-BMT, Allo-BMT), or with allogeneic BM cells plus splenocytes to promote graft-versus-host disease (GVHD mice). Hemophagocytosis was a common feature early after all BMT, but it subsided in Syn-BMT and Allo-BMT mice. In GVHD mice, however, hemophagocytosis persisted and was accompanied by upregulated production of IFN-γ but not TNF-α, and it was suppressed by blockade of IFN-γ but not TNF-α. A single injection of the TLR9 ligand CpG promoted HPS in all BMT mice and was lethal in GVHD mice, accompanied by greatly upregulated production of TNF-α, IL-6, and IFN-γ. Blocking of TNF-α, but not IL-6 or IFN-γ, suppressed CpG-induced HPS in all BMT mice and rescued GVHD mice from CpG-induced mortality. Thus, TLR9 signaling mediates TNF-α-driven HPS in BMT mice and is effectively treated through TNF-α inhibition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-636
Number of pages10
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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