Tropomyosin (TM) family of cytoskeletal proteins is implicated in stabilizing actin microfilaments. Many TM isoforms, including tropomyosin-1 (TM1), are down-regulated in transformed cells. Previously we demonstrated that TM1 is a suppressor of the malignant transformation, and that TM1 reorganizes microfilaments in the transformed cells. To investigate how TM1 induces microfilament organization in transformed cells, we utilized ras-transformed NIH3T3 (DT) cells, and those transduced to express TM1, and/or TM2. Enhanced expression of TM1 alone, but not TM2, results in re-emergence of microfilaments; TM1, together with TM2 remarkably improves microfilament architecture. TM1 induced cytoskeletal reorganization involves an enhanced expression of caldesmon, but not vinculin, α-actinin, or gelsolin. In addition, TMl-induced cytoskeletal reorganization and the revertant phenotype appears to involve re-activation of RhoA controlled pathways in DT cells. RhoA expression, which is suppressed in DT cells, is significantly increased in TM1-expressing cells, without detectable changes in the expression of Rac or Cdc42. Furthermore, expression of a dominant negative Rho kinase, or treatment with Y-27632 disassembled microfilaments in normal NIH3T3 and in TM1 expressing cells. These data suggest that reactivation of Rho kinase directed pathways are critical for TMl-mediated microfilament assemblies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research