Background: Deep learning reconstruction (DLR) may improve image quality. However, its impact on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) of the prostate has yet to be assessed. Purpose: To determine whether DLR can improve image quality of diffusion-weighted MRI at b values ranging from 1000 sec/mm2 to 5000 sec/mm2 in patients with prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, images of the prostate obtained at DWI with a b value of 0 sec/mm2, DWI with a b value of 1000 sec/mm2 (DWI1000), DWI with a b value of 3000 sec/mm2 (DWI3000), and DWI with a b value of 5000 sec/mm2 (DWI5000) from consecutive patients with biopsy-proven cancer from January to June 2020 were reconstructed with and without DLR. Image quality was assessed using signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) from region-of-interest analysis and qualitatively assessed using a five-point visual scoring system (1 [very poor] to 5 [excellent]) for each high-b-value DWI sequence with and without DLR. The SNR, CNR, and visual score for DWI with and without DLR were compared with the paired t test and the Wilcoxon signed rank test with Bonferroni correction, respectively. Apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) from DWI with and without DLR were also compared with the paired t test with Bonferroni correction. Results: A total of 60 patients (mean age, 67 years; age range, 49-79 years) were analyzed. DWI with DLR showed significantly higher SNRs and CNRs than DWI without DLR (P,.001); for example, with DWI1000 the mean SNR was 38.7 6 0.6 versus 17.8 6 0.6, respectively (P,.001), and the mean CNR was 18.4 6 5.6 versus 7.4 6 5.6, respectively (P,.001). DWI with DLR also demonstrated higher qualitative image quality than DWI without DLR (mean score: 4.8 6 0.4 vs 4.0 6 0.7, respectively, with DWI1000 [P = .001], 3.8 6 0.7 vs 3.0 6 0.8 with DWI3000 [P = .002], and 3.1 6 0.8 vs 2.0 6 0.9 with DWI5000 [P,.001]). ADCs derived with and without DLR did not differ substantially (P..99). Conclusion: Deep learning reconstruction improves the image quality of diffusion-weighted MRI scans of prostate cancer with no impact on apparent diffusion coefficient quantitation with a 3.0-T MRI system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging