Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan

Shuji Hashimoto, Takao Matsumoto, Masaki Nagai, Yutaka Matsuyama, Yosikazu Nakamura, Tamami Umeda, Mitsuhiro Kamakura, Seiichi Ichikawa, Satoshi Kimura, Kazuo Fukutomi, Masahiro Kihara

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Abstract

This study attempts to clarify the distribution patterns of delay between HIV transmission and the first hospital visit among HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases in Japan except those infected through blood products. Such hospital visit patterns were analyzed, and the rates of reporting for HIV/AIDS surveillance among diagnosed HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases in hospitals were shown. From 1991 to 1997, a survey and subsequent follow-up were conducted among HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases diagnosed at 74 hospitals in Tokyo. The numbers of HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases were 590 and 208, respectively. The percentage of patients whose estimated date of HIV transmission was obtained ranged 23-41% among Japanese and non-Japanese HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases. Among these patients, 28% to 86% showed a 3-year delay between HIV transmission and their first hospital visit. The rate of HIV-infected persons who continued to visit hospitals within 1 year after their first visit was 77% for Japanese and 45% for non-Japanese; among those after 1 year or more following their first hospital visit the rate was more than 80% among Japanese and over 70% among non-Japanese. The rate of reporting to HIV/AIDS surveillance among diagnosed HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases was 90% or more after 1994 in Japan. The delay between HIV transmission and the first hospital visit was suggested to be very long. Not a few patients stopped visiting hospitals after only a short time. Most diagnosed HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases were reported to the surveillance system of Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Epidemiology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2000
Externally publishedYes

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Japan
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Tokyo

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Hashimoto, S., Matsumoto, T., Nagai, M., Matsuyama, Y., Nakamura, Y., Umeda, T., ... Kihara, M. (2000). Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan. Journal of Epidemiology, 10(1), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.10.65
Hashimoto, Shuji ; Matsumoto, Takao ; Nagai, Masaki ; Matsuyama, Yutaka ; Nakamura, Yosikazu ; Umeda, Tamami ; Kamakura, Mitsuhiro ; Ichikawa, Seiichi ; Kimura, Satoshi ; Fukutomi, Kazuo ; Kihara, Masahiro. / Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan. In: Journal of Epidemiology. 2000 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 65-70.
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Hashimoto, S, Matsumoto, T, Nagai, M, Matsuyama, Y, Nakamura, Y, Umeda, T, Kamakura, M, Ichikawa, S, Kimura, S, Fukutomi, K & Kihara, M 2000, 'Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan', Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 65-70. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.10.65

Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan. / Hashimoto, Shuji; Matsumoto, Takao; Nagai, Masaki; Matsuyama, Yutaka; Nakamura, Yosikazu; Umeda, Tamami; Kamakura, Mitsuhiro; Ichikawa, Seiichi; Kimura, Satoshi; Fukutomi, Kazuo; Kihara, Masahiro.

In: Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 10, No. 1, 01.01.2000, p. 65-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan

AU - Hashimoto, Shuji

AU - Matsumoto, Takao

AU - Nagai, Masaki

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AU - Nakamura, Yosikazu

AU - Umeda, Tamami

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AU - Fukutomi, Kazuo

AU - Kihara, Masahiro

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