Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan

Shuji Hashimoto, Takao Matsumoto, Masaki Nagai, Yutaka Matsuyama, Yosikazu Nakamura, Tamami Umeda, Mitsuhiro Kamakura, Seiichi Ichikawa, Satoshi Kimura, Kazuo Fukutomi, Masahiro Kihara

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Abstract

This study attempts to clarify the distribution patterns of delay between HIV transmission and the first hospital visit among HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases in Japan except those infected through blood products. Such hospital visit patterns were analyzed, and the rates of reporting for HIV/AIDS surveillance among diagnosed HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases in hospitals were shown. From 1991 to 1997, a survey and subsequent follow-up were conducted among HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases diagnosed at 74 hospitals in Tokyo. The numbers of HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases were 590 and 208, respectively. The percentage of patients whose estimated date of HIV transmission was obtained ranged 23-41% among Japanese and non-Japanese HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases. Among these patients, 28% to 86% showed a 3-year delay between HIV transmission and their first hospital visit. The rate of HIV-infected persons who continued to visit hospitals within 1 year after their first visit was 77% for Japanese and 45% for non-Japanese; among those after 1 year or more following their first hospital visit the rate was more than 80% among Japanese and over 70% among non-Japanese. The rate of reporting to HIV/AIDS surveillance among diagnosed HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases was 90% or more after 1994 in Japan. The delay between HIV transmission and the first hospital visit was suggested to be very long. Not a few patients stopped visiting hospitals after only a short time. Most diagnosed HIV-infected persons and AIDS cases were reported to the surveillance system of Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2000
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Hashimoto, S., Matsumoto, T., Nagai, M., Matsuyama, Y., Nakamura, Y., Umeda, T., Kamakura, M., Ichikawa, S., Kimura, S., Fukutomi, K., & Kihara, M. (2000). Delays and continuation of hospital visits among HIV-lnfected persons and AIDS cases in Japan. Journal of epidemiology, 10(1), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.10.65