Descriptive Epidemiology of Hypertension and Its Association with Obesity: Based on the WHO STEPwise Approach to Surveillance in Palau

Chaochen Wang, Chifa Chiang, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Edolem Ikerdeu, Kaori Honjo, Takashi Mita, Renzhe Cui, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Sherilynn Madraisau, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama

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Abstract

The rise of noncommunicable diseases is a serious health burden for Palau. This study described the prevalence of hypertension, and assessed its association with obesity. Surveys following the WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance were conducted in 2529 adults. Multivariate prevalence ratios (PR) of hypertension for body mass index (BMI) categories were calculated by logistic regression models using conditional standardization procedure. Age- and sex-specified analyses were performed. Overall prevalence of obesity and hypertension were 40.4% and 46.8%, respectively. Prevalence of hypertension was positively associated with BMI. However, overweight men had as high prevalence of hypertension as the obese (multivariable-adjusted PR was 1.84 for overweight and 1.91 for obese compared with nonoverweight). The association between hypertension and BMI was similar across age groups. The prevalence of hypertension in women increased gradually with the increase of BMI whereas that in men reached a plateau already in the overweight.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-287
Number of pages10
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Wang, C., Chiang, C., Yatsuya, H., Hilawe, E. H., Ikerdeu, E., Honjo, K., Mita, T., Cui, R., Hirakawa, Y., Madraisau, S., Iso, H., & Aoyama, A. (2017). Descriptive Epidemiology of Hypertension and Its Association with Obesity: Based on the WHO STEPwise Approach to Surveillance in Palau. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 29(4), 278-287. https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539517704042