Design of the pre-collimator for the NeXT x-ray telescopes

Hideyuki Mori, Yasushi Ogasaka, Manabu Ishida, Yoshitomo Maeda, Keisuke Tamura, Hideyo Kunieda, Akihiro Furuzawa, Yoshito Haba, Takuya Miyazawa, Koujun Yamashita, Hisamitsu Awaki, Peter J. Serlemitsos, Yang Soong, Kai Wing Chan, Takashi Okajima

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the design of the pre-collimator for the X-ray telescopes (XRTs) onboard New X-ray Telescope (NeXT). The optical design adopted for the NeXT XRTs is conically-approximated Wolter-I type optics. The tightly-nested reflectors with thin substrates (150-300 μm) enable us to achieve the large effective area and extremely light weight simultaneously. However, due to the packed reflector shells, X-rays from the outside of the XRT field of view occasionally arrive at the focal plane without the normal double reflection (stray lights), and then produce a ghost image on the detector. Thus, the stray-lights contamination degrades sensitivity of the source detection In order to reduce the stray lights efficiently, we plan to mount a collimator onto each telescope (referred to as pre-collimator), which is similar to that equipped with the Suzaku XRTs. The pre-collimator consists of coaxially-nested cylindrical blades, each of which is aligned radially with the corresponding primary refector. We found the height of the pre-collimator blade to be ~100 mm that is required to block the X-rays with off-axis angles of 30'-50', which are the main ligth pass of the stray lights for the NeXT XRTs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008
Subtitle of host publicationUltraviolet to Gamma Ray
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2008
EventSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray - Marseille, France
Duration: 23-06-200828-06-2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume7011
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherSpace Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray
CountryFrance
CityMarseille
Period23-06-0828-06-08

Fingerprint

x ray telescopes
X-ray Telescopes
collimators
Telescopes
Telescope
telescopes
Stray Light
X rays
Stray light
x rays
luminaires
Reflector
Blade
blades
reflectors
Design
Optical Design
Focal Plane
Contamination
Field of View

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Mori, H., Ogasaka, Y., Ishida, M., Maeda, Y., Tamura, K., Kunieda, H., ... Okajima, T. (2008). Design of the pre-collimator for the NeXT x-ray telescopes. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray [70112W] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 7011). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.789184
Mori, Hideyuki ; Ogasaka, Yasushi ; Ishida, Manabu ; Maeda, Yoshitomo ; Tamura, Keisuke ; Kunieda, Hideyo ; Furuzawa, Akihiro ; Haba, Yoshito ; Miyazawa, Takuya ; Yamashita, Koujun ; Awaki, Hisamitsu ; Serlemitsos, Peter J. ; Soong, Yang ; Chan, Kai Wing ; Okajima, Takashi. / Design of the pre-collimator for the NeXT x-ray telescopes. Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. 2008. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
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abstract = "We present the design of the pre-collimator for the X-ray telescopes (XRTs) onboard New X-ray Telescope (NeXT). The optical design adopted for the NeXT XRTs is conically-approximated Wolter-I type optics. The tightly-nested reflectors with thin substrates (150-300 μm) enable us to achieve the large effective area and extremely light weight simultaneously. However, due to the packed reflector shells, X-rays from the outside of the XRT field of view occasionally arrive at the focal plane without the normal double reflection (stray lights), and then produce a ghost image on the detector. Thus, the stray-lights contamination degrades sensitivity of the source detection In order to reduce the stray lights efficiently, we plan to mount a collimator onto each telescope (referred to as pre-collimator), which is similar to that equipped with the Suzaku XRTs. The pre-collimator consists of coaxially-nested cylindrical blades, each of which is aligned radially with the corresponding primary refector. We found the height of the pre-collimator blade to be ~100 mm that is required to block the X-rays with off-axis angles of 30'-50', which are the main ligth pass of the stray lights for the NeXT XRTs.",
author = "Hideyuki Mori and Yasushi Ogasaka and Manabu Ishida and Yoshitomo Maeda and Keisuke Tamura and Hideyo Kunieda and Akihiro Furuzawa and Yoshito Haba and Takuya Miyazawa and Koujun Yamashita and Hisamitsu Awaki and Serlemitsos, {Peter J.} and Yang Soong and Chan, {Kai Wing} and Takashi Okajima",
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Mori, H, Ogasaka, Y, Ishida, M, Maeda, Y, Tamura, K, Kunieda, H, Furuzawa, A, Haba, Y, Miyazawa, T, Yamashita, K, Awaki, H, Serlemitsos, PJ, Soong, Y, Chan, KW & Okajima, T 2008, Design of the pre-collimator for the NeXT x-ray telescopes. in Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray., 70112W, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 7011, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray, Marseille, France, 23-06-08. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.789184

Design of the pre-collimator for the NeXT x-ray telescopes. / Mori, Hideyuki; Ogasaka, Yasushi; Ishida, Manabu; Maeda, Yoshitomo; Tamura, Keisuke; Kunieda, Hideyo; Furuzawa, Akihiro; Haba, Yoshito; Miyazawa, Takuya; Yamashita, Koujun; Awaki, Hisamitsu; Serlemitsos, Peter J.; Soong, Yang; Chan, Kai Wing; Okajima, Takashi.

Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. 2008. 70112W (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 7011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Design of the pre-collimator for the NeXT x-ray telescopes

AU - Mori, Hideyuki

AU - Ogasaka, Yasushi

AU - Ishida, Manabu

AU - Maeda, Yoshitomo

AU - Tamura, Keisuke

AU - Kunieda, Hideyo

AU - Furuzawa, Akihiro

AU - Haba, Yoshito

AU - Miyazawa, Takuya

AU - Yamashita, Koujun

AU - Awaki, Hisamitsu

AU - Serlemitsos, Peter J.

AU - Soong, Yang

AU - Chan, Kai Wing

AU - Okajima, Takashi

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Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - We present the design of the pre-collimator for the X-ray telescopes (XRTs) onboard New X-ray Telescope (NeXT). The optical design adopted for the NeXT XRTs is conically-approximated Wolter-I type optics. The tightly-nested reflectors with thin substrates (150-300 μm) enable us to achieve the large effective area and extremely light weight simultaneously. However, due to the packed reflector shells, X-rays from the outside of the XRT field of view occasionally arrive at the focal plane without the normal double reflection (stray lights), and then produce a ghost image on the detector. Thus, the stray-lights contamination degrades sensitivity of the source detection In order to reduce the stray lights efficiently, we plan to mount a collimator onto each telescope (referred to as pre-collimator), which is similar to that equipped with the Suzaku XRTs. The pre-collimator consists of coaxially-nested cylindrical blades, each of which is aligned radially with the corresponding primary refector. We found the height of the pre-collimator blade to be ~100 mm that is required to block the X-rays with off-axis angles of 30'-50', which are the main ligth pass of the stray lights for the NeXT XRTs.

AB - We present the design of the pre-collimator for the X-ray telescopes (XRTs) onboard New X-ray Telescope (NeXT). The optical design adopted for the NeXT XRTs is conically-approximated Wolter-I type optics. The tightly-nested reflectors with thin substrates (150-300 μm) enable us to achieve the large effective area and extremely light weight simultaneously. However, due to the packed reflector shells, X-rays from the outside of the XRT field of view occasionally arrive at the focal plane without the normal double reflection (stray lights), and then produce a ghost image on the detector. Thus, the stray-lights contamination degrades sensitivity of the source detection In order to reduce the stray lights efficiently, we plan to mount a collimator onto each telescope (referred to as pre-collimator), which is similar to that equipped with the Suzaku XRTs. The pre-collimator consists of coaxially-nested cylindrical blades, each of which is aligned radially with the corresponding primary refector. We found the height of the pre-collimator blade to be ~100 mm that is required to block the X-rays with off-axis angles of 30'-50', which are the main ligth pass of the stray lights for the NeXT XRTs.

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Mori H, Ogasaka Y, Ishida M, Maeda Y, Tamura K, Kunieda H et al. Design of the pre-collimator for the NeXT x-ray telescopes. In Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2008: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray. 2008. 70112W. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.789184