The glomerulus primarily comprises mesangial cells, glomerular microvascular endothelial cells, and podocytes. IgA nephropathy is the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide and has a risk of progression to end-stage renal disease. IgA nephropathy is characterized by predominant IgA deposition in the glomerular mesangial area, where TG2 is significantly enhanced. Therefore, identification of glomerular TG2 substrates is the first step in elucidating the role of TG2 as a crosslinking enzyme during disease progression. To clarify potential glomerular TG2 substrates, and to establish a procedure for substrate identification, we attempted to identify those molecules using normal mouse glomeruli. Extracts from mouse glomerular and non-glomerular fractions were treated with our established biotin-labeled substrate peptide, which specifically crosslinks to the lysine-donor substrates depending on TG2 activity. Peptide-incorporated proteins were then purified using avidin resin and identified via mass spectrometry. In parallel, we performed the identification using corresponding samples from TG2 knockout mice. Consequently, potential TG2 substrates were separately identified in glomerular and non-glomerular fractions. They were mainly identified as novel TG2 substrates and partly include the well-known substrates. These results potentially provide novel insights into the mechanism underlying IgA nephropathy and may help elucidate the physiological functions of TG2.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology