The purpose of the present study was to develop a 60 MHz integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound (IB-IVUS) and to evaluate its usefulness for the detection of lipid area with backward attenuation of ultrasound signal (AT) that for the prediction of post-procedural myocardial injury (PMI) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). In a pathological study, images were acquired from 221 cross-sections of 18 coronary arteries from 13 cadavers obtained at autopsy. In the clinical training study, we compared non-targeted plaques in 38 patients by a previous IB-IVUS system (38 MHz) and a new IB-IVUS system (60 MHz). In the clinical testing study, we included 70 consecutive patients who underwent PCI. Serum troponin-I was measured just before and 24 h after PCI to evaluate PMI. As the % microcalcification + % cholesterol cleft area increased, the attenuation of IB values increased (r = 0.56, p < 0.001). The slopes of regression lines of the area of each tissue component between 38 and 60 MHz IB-IVUS were excellent. The lipid pool area with AT tended to be more useful than that of the conventional lipid pool area for the prediction of PMI (p = 0.11). We developed a 60 MHz IB-IVUS imaging system for tissue characterization of coronary plaques. Cutoff value of purple color was the most reliable value for the prediction of PMI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine