In order to assess the full spectrum of human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A)- and HHV-6B-associated diseases, we sought to develop an HHV-6 species-specific serological assay based on immunoblot analysis. The immunodominant proteins encoded by open reading frame U11, p100 for HHV-6A (strain U1102) and 101K for HHV-6B (strain Z29), were selected to generate virus species-specific antigens. Recombinant p100 and 101K were produced in a prokaryotic expression system. The expression of these proteins was confirmed by using anti-His tag and 101K-specific monoclonal antibodies. HHV-6 species-specific antibodies were detected by immunoblotting in patient sera. Eighty-seven serum samples obtained from various subjects were utilized to determine the reliability of the method for clinical use. Ten of twelve exanthem subitum convalescent-phase sera reacted exclusively with 101K, whereas none of twelve acute-phase sera reacted with either protein. Two of three sera collected from HHV-6A-infected patients reacted with p100 and 101K. Although all five acute and convalescent-phase sera obtained from transplant recipients reacted exclusively with 101K, two of six convalescent-phase sera obtained from patients with drug-induced hypersensitivity syndrome reacted with both p100 and 101K. Of 38 sera obtained from healthy adults, 31 were positive for 101K antibody, while 4 reacted with both proteins. However, PCR analysis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells and saliva from these subjects did not detect HHV-6A DNA. In conclusion, this novel serological assay based on immunoblot analysis using recombinant HHV-6A p100 and HHV-6B 101K allowed us to discriminate between HHV-6A- and HHV-6B-specific antibodies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)