Dietary habits and risk of lung cancer death in a large-scale cohort study (JACC Study) in Japan by sex and smoking habit

JACC Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lung cancer has increased and is the leading cause of cancer death among Japanese males. The associations of dietary habits with the risk of lung cancer death were evaluated by sex and smoking habits in this study. In the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study, a cohort established in 1988-90 and consisting of 42 940 males and 55 308 females was observed for lung cancer deaths up to the end of 1997. During the observation period, 446 males and 126 females died of lung cancer. A self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used as the baseline survey. Hazard ratios for dietary factors were calculated by Cox's proportional hazards model. Among males, a high intake of ham and sausages, cheese, green-leafy vegetables, oranges, and other fruits significantly and dose-dependently decreased the risk of lung cancer death. Among females, a high intake of miso-soup, ham and sausages, and liver significantly and almost dose-dependently increased the risk. Vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidative and carcinogenic agents reduced the risk of lung cancer deaths among male smokers more than among female nonsmokers. The results among female nonsmokers were partially consistent with the hypothesis that high fat consumption increases the risk of lung cancer, especially that of adenocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1259-1269
Number of pages11
JournalJapanese Journal of Cancer Research
Volume92
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2001

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Feeding Behavior
Habits
Lung Neoplasms
Japan
Cohort Studies
Smoking
Vegetables
Fruit
Soy Foods
Cheese
Proportional Hazards Models
Cause of Death
Adenocarcinoma
Fats
Observation
Food
Liver
Neoplasms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

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title = "Dietary habits and risk of lung cancer death in a large-scale cohort study (JACC Study) in Japan by sex and smoking habit",
abstract = "Lung cancer has increased and is the leading cause of cancer death among Japanese males. The associations of dietary habits with the risk of lung cancer death were evaluated by sex and smoking habits in this study. In the Japan Collaborative Cohort (JACC) Study, a cohort established in 1988-90 and consisting of 42 940 males and 55 308 females was observed for lung cancer deaths up to the end of 1997. During the observation period, 446 males and 126 females died of lung cancer. A self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used as the baseline survey. Hazard ratios for dietary factors were calculated by Cox's proportional hazards model. Among males, a high intake of ham and sausages, cheese, green-leafy vegetables, oranges, and other fruits significantly and dose-dependently decreased the risk of lung cancer death. Among females, a high intake of miso-soup, ham and sausages, and liver significantly and almost dose-dependently increased the risk. Vegetables and fruits rich in antioxidative and carcinogenic agents reduced the risk of lung cancer deaths among male smokers more than among female nonsmokers. The results among female nonsmokers were partially consistent with the hypothesis that high fat consumption increases the risk of lung cancer, especially that of adenocarcinoma.",
author = "{JACC Study Group} and Kotaro Ozasa and Yoshiyuki Watanabe and Yoshinori Ito and Koji Suzuki and Akiko Tamakoshi and Nao Seki and Yoshikazu Nishino and Takaaki Kondo and Kenji Wakai and Masahiko Ando and Yoshiyuki Ohno",
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Dietary habits and risk of lung cancer death in a large-scale cohort study (JACC Study) in Japan by sex and smoking habit. / JACC Study Group.

In: Japanese Journal of Cancer Research, Vol. 92, No. 12, 01.01.2001, p. 1259-1269.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Dietary habits and risk of lung cancer death in a large-scale cohort study (JACC Study) in Japan by sex and smoking habit

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AU - Ozasa, Kotaro

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AU - Ito, Yoshinori

AU - Suzuki, Koji

AU - Tamakoshi, Akiko

AU - Seki, Nao

AU - Nishino, Yoshikazu

AU - Kondo, Takaaki

AU - Wakai, Kenji

AU - Ando, Masahiko

AU - Ohno, Yoshiyuki

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