Differences in age at diagnosis of ovarian cancer for each BRCA mutation type in Japan: optimal timing to carry out risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy

the Registration Committee of the Japanese Organization of Hereditary Breast,Ovarian Cancer

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Abstract

Objective: BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers are recommended to undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) by age 40 and 45, respectively. However, the carriers have a different way of thinking about their life plan. We aimed to investigate the distribution of age at diagnosis of ovarian cancer (OC) patients to examine the optimal timing of RRSO in the carriers. Methods: We examined a correlation between age at diagnosis of OC and common mutation types in 3,517 probands that received BRCA genetic testing. Among them, germline BRCA1 mutation (gBRCA1m), germline BRCA2 mutation (gBRCA2m) and germline BRCA wild-type (gBRCAwt) were found in 185, 42 and 241 OC patients, respectively. Results: The average age at diagnosis of OC in gBRCA1m and gBRCA2m was 51.3 and 58.3 years, respectively, and the difference from gBRCAwt (53.8 years) was significant. The gBRCA2m carriers did not develop OC under the age of 40. The average age was 50.1 years for L63X and 52.8 years for Q934X in BRCA1, and 55.1 years for R2318X and 61.1 years for STOP1861 in BRCA2. The age at diagnosis in L63X or R2318X carriers was relatively younger than other BRCA1 or BRCA2 carriers, however their differences were not significant. With L63X and R2318X carriers, 89.4% (42/47) and 100% (7/7) of women were able to prevent the development of OC, respectively, when RRSO was performed at age 40. Conclusion: There appears to be no difference in the age at diagnosis of OC depending on the type of BRCA common mutation. Further analysis would be needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere46
JournalJournal of Gynecologic Oncology
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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