Different Risk Factors Between Cerebral Infarction and Symptomatic Cerebral Vasospasm in Patients with Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Iori Ozono, Fusao Ikawa, Toshikazu Hidaka, Shingo Matsuda, Shinnichiro Oku, Nobutaka Horie, Isao Date, Michiyasu Suzuki, Hitoshi Kobata, Yuichi Murayama, Akira Sato, Yoko Kato, Hirotoshi Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Cerebral infarction due to cerebral vasospasm (IVS) after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is associated with poor outcomes and symptomatic cerebral vasospasm (SVS). However, the difference of risk factors between SVS and IVS was unclear to date. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the risk factors for SVS and IVS based on the registry study. Methods: The modified World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies scale study comprises 1863 cases. Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage who underwent radical treatment within 72 hours with a premorbid modified Rankin Scale score 0–2 as the inclusion criteria were retrospectively examined. The risk factors for SVS and IVS were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results: Among them, 1090 patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into 2 groups according to SVS and IVS; 273 (25%) patients with SVS and 92 (8.4%) with IVS. Age was not a risk factor for SVS, but for IVS, and Fisher scale was a risk factor for SVS, but not for IVS. Conclusions: The prevalence of IVS was not associated with the Fisher scale but with older age, suggesting possible factors other than SVS. Different associated factors between SVS and IVS were confirmed in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e487-e497
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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