Objectives We investigated the utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) for differentiating between solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas (SPN) and pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (PanNEN). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 29 and 77 consecutive patients with pathologically proven SPN and nonfunctional PanNEN. In patients who underwent contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS (CH-EUS), lesions were classified into 3 vascular patterns (hypoechoic/isoechoic/hyperechoic), and the presence of "the alveolus nest sign,"which we previously reported as a characteristic feature of SPN on CH-EUS, was also assessed. Results Conventional EUS findings showed that calcification echoes were significantly more frequent in SPN lesions than in PanNEN lesions (19/29 [66%] vs 21/77 [27%], P = 0.001) as was internal isoechogenicity or hyperechogenicity (10/29 [34%] vs 11/77 [14%], P = 0.029). Contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS findings showed that SPN lesions more frequently had the isoechoic or hypoechoic vascular pattern, and significantly more frequently had the alveolus nest sign (18/25 [72%] vs 4/60 [7%], P < 0.001). In a multivariate analysis, the presence of the alveolus nest sign contributed the most to the SPN diagnosis (odds ratio, 70; 95% confidence interval, 6.2-786). Conclusions Endoscopic ultrasound, particularly the presence of the alveolus nest sign on CH-EUS, is useful for differentiating SPN from PanNEN.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism