Differentiation of benign and malignant lymph nodes with contrast-enhanced echolymphography using endoscopic ultrasound-guided puncture

Shinya Kojima, H. Goto, Y. Hirooka, A. Itoh, Y. Ishiguro, S. Hashimoto, T. Hirai, T. Hayakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aims: Although endoscopic ultrasonography is considered the most useful diagnostic modality for the regional staging, the capability of diagnosing lymph node metastasis based on endoscopic ultrasonography images alone is not sufficient. To improve the capability of differential diagnosis of lymph node enlargement, contrast-enhanced echolymphography was performed using endoscopic ultrasonography-guided puncture. Methodology: Contrast-enhanced echolymphography was performed in 8 metastatic lymph nodes surgically resected from patients with gastrointestinal cancers (in vitro study) and also in 55 patients in whom abdominal lymph node swelling was indicated by endoscopic ultrasonography (in vivo study). Lymph nodes were punctured under real-time endoscopic ultrasonography guidance, and carbon dioxide microbubbles were injected to evaluate echo features before and after microbubbles injection. Results: Contrast-enhanced echolymphography of freshly resected metastatic lymph nodes showed nonhomogeneous echo patterns. In regions demonstrating filling defects detected by contrast-enhanced echolymphography, neoplastic infiltration was pathologically observed. In almost all of the malignant lymph nodes studied in vivo, filling defects and heterogeneous enhancements were observed by contrast-enhanced echolymphography. However, contrast-enhanced echolymphography demonstrated uniform patterns in most of the benign group. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and accuracy of differential diagnosis by contrast,enhanced echolymphography were 95.8%, 90.3%, 88.5%, 96.6%, and 92.7%, respectively. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced echolymphography is a useful method for help in the differentiation between reactive and malignant alterations of lymph nodes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1285-1291
Number of pages7
Issue number53
Publication statusPublished - 09-2003
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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