objectives: We aimed to determine whether diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) analysis with the breath-hold technique can replace liver function results obtained from laboratory tests. methods: Patients (n = 79) suspected of having a hepatobiliary disease, and control group without liver diseases (n = 15) were examined with non-Gaussian diffusion-weighted imaging using a 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging unit. Based on the findings of DKI, various blood serum parameters, including the indocyanine green (ICG) retention rate 15 min after an intravenous injection of ICG (ICG-R15) and mean kurtosis values and Child–Pugh and albumin–bilirubin (ALBI) scores, were calculated. In total, 17 patients were tested using ICG-R15. For evaluating liver function, correlations between the mean kurtosis value and the Child–Pugh score, ALBI score, and ICG-R15 value as indicators of liver function obtained from blood data were assessed using Spearman’s rank correlation. In apparent diffusion coefficient as well, we assessed correlations with these indicators. results: The mean kurtosis value correlated with the Child–Pugh score (Spearman’s rank-correlation coefficient, ρ = 0.3992; p < 0.0001). Moreover, the mean kurtosis value revealed a correlation with the ICG-R15 value (Spearman’s rank-correlation coefficient, ρ = 0.5972; p = 0.00114). The correlation between the mean kurtosis value and the ALBI score was the poorest among these (Spearman’s rank-correlation coefficient, ρ = 0.3395; p = 0.0008). conclusion: Liver function correlating with the Child–Pugh score and ICG-R15 value can be quantitatively estimated using the mean kurtosis value obtained from DKI analysis. DKI analysis with the breath-hold technique can be used to determine liver function instead of performing laboratory tests. advances in knowledge: Previous studies have not evaluated liver function in vivo using DKI.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging