Dobutamine-induced mechanical alternans is a marker of poor prognosis in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

Akihiro Hirashiki, Hideo Izawa, Xian Wu Cheng, Kazumasa Unno, Satoru Ohshima, Toyoaki Murohara

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Summary 1. To date, few prognostic indicators for ambulatory patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM) have been identified. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between the occurrence of dobutamine-induced mechanical alternans (MA) and prognosis in ambulatory patients with IDCM. 2. Left ventricular pressure was measured during right atrial pacing and after intravenous infusion of dobutamine at incremental doses in 90 ambulatory patients with IDCM in sinus rhythm. Endomyocardial biopsy specimens were also obtained for quantitative analysis of gene expression. The patients were followed up for a mean of 2.5 years. 3. Patients were classified into three groups: (i) 60 patients who exhibited neither pacing- nor dobutamine-induced MA (Group N); (ii) 20 patients who manifested only pacing-induced MA (Group P); and (iii) 10 patients who developed both pacing- and dobutamine-induced MA (Group D). The sarcoplasmicendoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase 2a : phospholamban mRNA ratio was significantly higher in Group D patients than in patients in Groups N or P. Multivariate analysis revealed that dobutamine-induced MA (odds ratio 4.05; 95% confidence interval 1.35-12.2) was a significant independent predictor of cardiac events. Cardiac event-free survival in Group D was significantly lower than in Groups N or P, as determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis (P = 0.002). 4. The occurrence of dobutamine-induced MA is a potentially useful clinical predictor of poor prognosis in ambulatory patients with IDCM in sinus rhythm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1004-1009
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 10-2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology (medical)


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