Does Congenital Biliary Dilatation Todani Type II (Diverticular Type) Really Exist?

Takeshi Saito, Hisami Ando, Shin Ishihara, Takao Itoi, Naoto Urushihara, Masayuki Otsuka, Tsugumichi Koshinaga, Yuichi Nagakawa, Yoshinori Hamada, Yoshiki Morotomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim of the study: The aim of the study is to clarify the clinicopathological and biliary morphological characteristics in reported cases of diverticular congenital biliary dilatation (CBD). Method: Using PubMed and the Japan Medical Abstracts Society, articles on possible diverticular CBD were extracted and the clinical pictures examined. We also sought evidence for definitions of diverticular CBD and the associated condition of pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) using the original articles by Alonso-Lej and Todani. The characteristic biliary morphologies of cases with images were also investigated. Results: Analyses of 211 possible cases superficially demonstrated multiple diverticula in 12 (12%) and single diverticulum in 89 (88%), with diverticula located in the upper (n = 38, 38%), middle (n = 32, 32%), or lower (n = 26, 26%) biliary tract in and presence of intra-diverticular stones, PBM, and biliary carcinoma in 23% (n = 18), 39% (n = 25), and 11% (n = 14), respectively. However, evidence defining diverticular CBD or justifying the lack of associated PBM was not demonstrated even in the original articles. Scrutiny of the biliary anatomy in 59 cases with images showed incorrect inclusions of types I or IV-A with an irregular biliary duct wall or dilated cystic duct, periampullary choledochal diverticula, or even solitary biliary cysts. Authentic diverticular CBD, representing the diverticulum connected to the middle of the common bile duct via a thin, patent stalk was seen in only 6 cases. Conclusion: Real diverticular CBD appears extremely rare. The lack of an objective definition allows wide interpretations of clinical pictures, creating inconsistencies in the diagnosis and treatment of CBD and raising questions regarding the utility of conventional classifications. Level of evidence: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-246
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 02-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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