Background: We hypothesised that the radiomics signature, which includes texture information of dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) images for Parkinson’s disease (PD), may assist semi-quantitative indices. Herein, we constructed a radiomics signature using DAT-SPECT-derived radiomics features that effectively discriminated PD from healthy individuals and evaluated its classification performance. Results: We analysed 413 cases of both normal control (NC, n = 101) and PD (n = 312) groups from the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative database. Data were divided into the training and two test datasets with different SPECT manufacturers. DAT-SPECT images were spatially normalised to the Montreal Neurologic Institute space. We calculated 930 radiomics features, including intensity- and texture-based features in the caudate, putamen, and pallidum volumes of interest. The striatum uptake ratios (SURs) of the caudate, putamen, and pallidum were also calculated as conventional semi-quantification indices. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator was used for feature selection and construction of the radiomics signature. The four classification models were constructed using a radiomics signature and/or semi-quantitative indicator. Furthermore, we compared the classification performance of the semi-quantitative indicator alone and the combination with the radiomics signature for the classification models. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was used to evaluate the classification performance. The classification performance of SURputamen was higher than that of other semi-quantitative indicators. The radiomics signature resulted in a slightly increased area under the ROC curve (AUC) compared to SURputamen in each test dataset. When combined with SURputamen and radiomics signature, all classification models showed slightly higher AUCs than that of SURputamen alone. Conclusion: We constructed a DAT-SPECT image-derived radiomics signature. Performance analysis showed that the current radiomics signature would be helpful for the diagnosis of PD and has the potential to provide robust diagnostic performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging