Purpose: To directly compare the utility for therapeutic outcome prediction of dynamic first-pass contrast-enhanced (CE)-perfusion area-detector computed tomography (ADCT), MR imaging assessed with the same mathematical method and 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose–positron emission tomography combined with CT (PET/CT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with chemoradiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Forty-three consecutive stage IIIB NSCLC patients, consisting of 25 males (mean age ± standard deviation: 66.6 ± 8.7 years) and 18 females (66.4 ± 8.2 years) underwent PET/CT, dynamic CE-perfusion ADCT and MR imaging, chemoradiotherapy, and follow-up examination. In each patient, total, pulmonary arterial, and systemic arterial perfusions were calculated from both perfusion data and SUVmax on PET/CT, assessed for each targeted lesion, and averaged to determine final values. Receiver operating characteristics analyses were performed to compare the utility for distinguishing responders from non-responders using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST) 1.1 criteria. Overall survival (OS) assessed with each index were compared between two groups by means of the Kaplan–Meier method followed by the log-rank test. Results: Area under the curve (Az) for total perfusion on ADCT was significantly larger than that of pulmonary arterial perfusion (P < 0.05). Az of total perfusion on MR imaging was significantly larger than that of pulmonary arterial perfusion (P < 0.05). Mean OS of responder and non-responder groups were significantly different for total and systemic arterial (P < 0.05) perfusion. Conclusion: Dynamic first-pass CE-perfusion ADCT and MR imaging as well as PET/CT are useful for early prediction of treatment response by NSCLC patients treated with chemoradiotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging